Submitted by Elden DuRand This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Two horsepower 1902 Fairbanks-Morse Type T "Jack of All Trades" with ignitor:

  1. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline.
  2. Fill the oiler and oil all external moving parts.
  3. Open needle valve on oiler and let a few drops of oil flow to the cylinder, then close it until the engine is running.
  4. Turn the engine until the fuel pump plunger is all the way out.
  5. Using the hand lever on the fuel pump, fill the mixer until you hear fuel running back to the tank. (If you don't hear fuel running back after twenty strokes or so, you may have to partially disassemble the pump to unstick one or both of the ball-type valves).
  6. Set the needle valve on the mixer to the single mark position on the knob (about 3/4 turn counterclockwise from off).
  7. Turn on the ignition.
  8. Engage the crank pawl into the keyway of the crankshaft on the ignitor side of the engine. (Note that you can also engage the crank on the mixer side but you will be cranking the engine backwards if you do. Been there, done that!).
  9. While holding the intake valve open, crank the engine. Once you have it turning at a fair clip, release the intake valve. If all's well, the engine will fire about the second or third time over compression. Immediately after the engine fires, pull the crank off the crankshaft.
  10. Set the needle valve on the mixer to the double mark position on the knob. (about 1/4 turn from the starting position).
  11. Open the oiler needle until about two drops flow per minute.
  12. If the engine starts after the first try, the operator has permission to stand around and look smug.

NOTE: The earlier vertical Fairbanks-Morse Type T engines had either a hot-tube system or an ignitor system, sometimes both. With the hot-tube they can be started and run on kerosene. After starting, the ignitor (if provided) can be turned on and the hot-tube can be turned off.

This writer has no experience with the hot-tube version of the Fairbanks-Morse Type T engines.