Internal Combustion

Internal Combustion Engines are basically any device which uses the explosive combustion of fuel to push a piston within a cylinder. Examples of internal combustion fuels include:

  1. Petrol/Gasoline
  2. Diesel
  3. Kerosene
  4. Aviation Gas (AVGAS)

In this section of Steam & Engine you will find both details on the processes and engines, but examples of the usage of those engines.

Internal Combustion Engines are basically any device which uses the explosive combustion of fuel to push a piston within a cylinder. Examples of internal combustion fuels include:

  1. Petrol/Gasoline
  2. Diesel
  3. Kerosene
  4. Aviation Gas (AVGAS)

In this section of Steam & Engine you will find both details on the processes and engines, but examples of the usage of those engines.

Remember to also check the Registrars page (menu item at left) and the Manual Exchange (menu item at left) for more information. If you have an engine it can be to your advantage to register it with a registrar in order to find other people who also have your engine type/style/brand. It can also help out if your engine is ever stolen.

Submitted by Curt Holland This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  1. Fill fuel tank and confirm spark at ignitor.
  2. Manually pump fuel pump until fuel is flowing over dam in mixer. Re-engage fuel pump pusher.
  3. Make sure choke is open.
  4. Move exhaust cam follower over to compression relief lobe.
  5. Begin turning "on side" flywheel the running direction using the right hand on the spokes.
  6. Once up to good speed, use left hand to shift lever off of compression relief.
  7. At the same moment turn the choke full on.
  8. Continue pulling hard on the flywheel spokes with right hand.
  9. It should sufficient momentum to suck in a full charge, go through a full compression cycle, and fire the first time.

Read more: IHC Famous (8HP) hit and miss ignitor engine

Just for a smile...

Quite a few people sent through funny examples - I include them to give you a bit of a laugh, I'm sure if you've ever tried to start a recalcitrant engine, you'll be able to relate and get a bit of a laugh....

Rope start lawn mower - smile version

Submitted by Rob Skinner This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Go to the gas station to get gas.
Put some fresh gas in the tank.
Turn on the choke.
Pull the rope.
Pull the rope.
Break the rope.
Remove starter housing.
Cut finger on coil spring.
Mend laceration with electrical tape.
Go get a beer.
Finish replacement of the rope.
Pull the rope.
Pull the rope.
Pull the rope.
Take out the plug.
Slowly crank over engine.
Replace plug.
Pull the rope.
Pull the rope.
Remember to hook up the plug wire.
Pull the rope some more.
VROOOM VROOOM!
Start mowing the perimeter.
Sneeze continuously from dust and grass pollen.
Blow nose.
Wipe tears from eyes.
Keep mowing 'cuz it's almost done.
Break sprinkler head.
Quit.
Get another beer.
Call gardener.

Maytag - smile version

Submitted by Elden DuRand This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  1. - Fill tank with proper gasoline/smoke-making mixture.
  2. - Set choke.
  3. - Assume the starting position with foot over stomper.
  4. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  5. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  6. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  7. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  8. - Remove spark plug and check for oil fouling.
  9. - Replace spark plug and check for -OUCH!!"- spark.
  10. - Assume the starting position with foot over stomper.
  11. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,POP,duh,duh.
  12. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  13. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  14. - Stomp!...duh,POP,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  15. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,POP,POP,duh,duh.
  16. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  17. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  18. - Stomp!...duh,POP,duh,duh,POP,duh,duh, POP,POP,duh,duh POP, duh,duh,duh,duh,duh....
  19. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  20. - Hurl choice expletives at the recalcitrant motor.
  21. - Adjust mixture.
  22. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,POP,duh,duh.
  23. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  24. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  25. - Expletive deleted.
  26. - Stomp!...duh,POP,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  27. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,POP,POP,duh,duh.
  28. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  29. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  30. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  31. - Jump up and down to try to get kink out of knee.
  32. - Hurl salty oath at infernal machine.
  33. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  34. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  35. - Stomp!...duh,duh,duh,duh,duh.
  36. - Go looking for your axe........…

Read more: Just for a smile...

Submitted by Clarke L. McGee This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
I guess from the stories I have been sharing here all of you must think that
I must be about 100 years old, but I am only a little over half of that! But
talking about starting big engines... Back in the mid '60's I worked for
Texsun Corp, a juice/canning plant. This plant even converted the citrus
pulp to cow feed! in this process the excess water, citrus oil and left over
juice was concentrated into "molasses" by boiling it at a low temperature.
The equipment used was a very large air compressor/engine that operated from
one crankshaft with the power cylinder at one end and the compressor at the
other end. This unit had 2 flywheels on it that were 6 to 7 ft in dia.
Starting sequence was very interesting, and consisted of the following
steps. 1. The engine was turned over by hand until the engine piston was
just past TDC. 2. Then the operator manipulated some small hand valves
introducing air into the cylinder in order to mane the engine start to turn
over, similar to a steam engine. 3. When the engine was rotating at a fir
rate (>20 rpm) the operator switched other valves on the engine to conduct
in natural gas and started the ignition system. This would start the engine
firing and bring it up to speed, which seemed to be about 100 to 200 rpm.
After this plant closed I guess those units were scrapped. What A Waste!

Read more: Large compressor / engine with shared crank shaft

Submitted by Peter Scales This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

1.  Remove Crankcase Door and fill the connecting rod troughs with lubricating oil of the correct quality.
2.  Using engine oil in oil can, well oil connecting rod big end through the holes provided.
3.  Open Oil Filler Cover.
4.  Fill sump with oil to within one inch of the top.
5.  Turn Engine over by hand until oil is delivered through the three oil pipes inside the crankcase on to the main bearings.
6.  Replace Crankcase Door.

"To Start Engine"  (all models)
  1. See that the valve lifter stud is underneath the exhaust valve tappet.
  2. Turn Governor Lever Handle downwards.
  3. Lift Overload Pawl to allow governor lever to move to maximum position.  This Pawl will return to Normal as soon as engine starts.
  4. Screw the compression ratio changeover Valve(s) inwards tight on to seat.
  5. Place the starting handle on the engine crankshaft, and turn smartly. When a good speed has been obtained on the flywheel, pull valve lifter stud from under exhaust valve tappet when the engine should immediately fire. On multi-cylinder engines the other stud should be pulled out immediately after.
  6. As son as the engine has attained its normal speed, open the compression ratio changeover valve by screwing the hand wheel(s) outwards until it (they) come(s) to a stop.
  7. NOTE.  When Changeover Valve is screwed in [it beds] against seating at A Fig. 3; when screwed out, against seating at B.  These seatings should be kept free from carbon.  This can be done by turning valve hand wheel backwards and forwards once or twice before leaving in final position, tight up.…

Read more: Lister 10-2 Diesel Engine (and probably 12-2 as well)