Internal Combustion

Internal Combustion Engines are basically any device which uses the explosive combustion of fuel to push a piston within a cylinder. Examples of internal combustion fuels include:

  1. Petrol/Gasoline
  2. Diesel
  3. Kerosene
  4. Aviation Gas (AVGAS)

In this section of Steam & Engine you will find both details on the processes and engines, but examples of the usage of those engines.

Internal Combustion Engines are basically any device which uses the explosive combustion of fuel to push a piston within a cylinder. Examples of internal combustion fuels include:

  1. Petrol/Gasoline
  2. Diesel
  3. Kerosene
  4. Aviation Gas (AVGAS)

In this section of Steam & Engine you will find both details on the processes and engines, but examples of the usage of those engines.

Remember to also check the Registrars page (menu item at left) and the Manual Exchange (menu item at left) for more information. If you have an engine it can be to your advantage to register it with a registrar in order to find other people who also have your engine type/style/brand. It can also help out if your engine is ever stolen.

Submitted by Peter Scales This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Points 1 to 7 apply to the singles, 3-1, 5-1 (6-1), 8 to 15 to all models.
  1. Remove Crankcase Door and pour in Lubricating oil of the correct quality till it overflows into the sump.
  2. Using engine oil in oil can, well oil connecting rod big end through the holes provided.
  3. Open oil Filler Cover.
  4. Fill sump with oil to within one inch of the top.
  5. Work pump hand lever up and down and see that oil is delivered through the oil pipes inside the crankcase on to the main bearings.
  6. Replace crankcase door.
  7. Close oil Filler cover and screw wing nut tight.  (Note - do not open while engine is running as oil will be forced out.)
  8. Fill recess in cylinder head round the valves with lubricating oil.
  9. Fill tops of push-rods and tops of Tappets. [with oil]
  10. Fill small greaser on valve rocker shaft and screw down a turn.
  11. Place oil in small cup labelled "oil", near valve tappets.
  12. Fill water cooling system with water, avoiding "hard" water wherever possible.  In case of tank cooling, open 3-way tap in bottom water tank connection so that the water can flow freely from tank into cylinder jacket. (Keep water above top connection in tank.)
  13. Fill fuel tank using fine gauze strainer.
  14. Turn on fuel tap on fuel tank.
  15. Prime fuel system.

    "To Start Engine"  (all models)
    1. See that the valve lifter stud is underneath the exhaust valve tappet.
    2. Turn Governor Lever Handle downwards.
    3. Lift Overload Pawl to allow governor lever to move to maximum position.  This Pawl will return to Normal as soon as engine starts.
    4. Screw the compression ratio changeover Valve(s) inwards tight on to seat.
    5. Place the starting handle on the engine crankshaft, and turn smartly. When a good speed has been obtained on the flywheel, pull valve lifter stud from under exhaust valve tappet when the engine should immediately fire. On multi-cylinder engines the other stud should be pulled out immediately after.
    6. As son as the engine has attained its normal speed, open the compression ratio changeover valve by screwing the hand wheel(s) outwards until it (they) come(s) to a stop.
    7. NOTE.  When Changeover Valve is screwed in [it beds] against seating at A Fig. 3; when screwed out, against seating at B.  These seatings should be kept free from carbon.  This can be done by turning valve hand wheel backwards and forwards once or twice before leaving in final position, tight up.…

Read more: Lister Diesel Engine Marks 3-1, 5-1, 10-2 (and probably for 6-1 and 12-2 as well) - the Lister 'CS' series.

Submitted by Paul Pavlinovich
  1. Open the main fuel valve at the base of the tank (if you have one, not all of them do - I think they were added post factory?)
  2. Open the compression release lever on each cylinder
  3. Turn the fuel pump control to the Start position (to do this, you have to pull it out and turn it anti-clockwise over the "stop" then let it go back in)
  4. Open the throttle about 1/4 way
  5. Oil the crank shaft and inside of the crank handle
  6. Crank at about 10 rpm until you hear the injectors start to "spurt" (they make a creaking noise)
  7. Speed up your cranking and pull off the crank
  8. Quickly flip any one of the compressor levers over to compression before the engine slows down, if the engine starts to fire, flip the other levers (if you have more than one cylinder!) over to compression - do NOT continue to run the engine with any of the levers open or you might loose a valve and piston!
  9. After the engine warms up, turn the fuel pump lever to run…

Read more: Lister LD series diesel (similar for LD, LT, and ST models)

Submitted by Paul Pavlinovich
  1. Open the needle valve 1/3 turn.
  2. Kick the starter a couple of times
  3. The engine starts (or putts and dies - see later)
  4. After the engine warms up
  5. Slowly close the needle valve until it runs clean (hey, don't laugh - if you get the two-stroke mix right they run pretty clean - a little blue smoke is expected and ok)…

Read more: Maytag model 92 (similar all horizontal models)

Submitted by Paul Pavlinovich
My procedure is slightly abnormal because my trip mechanism is badly warn and not yet replaced. You can skip step one if your mechanism is in good condition.
  1. Insert a shim between the nut and the main spring on the magneto trip mechanism to retard the spark
  2. Set the run lever to STOP (uppermost position) - this stops the magneto firing
  3. Set the throttle lever to fully open (almost touching the flywheel)
  4. Open the needle valve a full turn
  5. Pull the engine up until the compression point (near TDC) but not through compression pull it back
  6. With your hand blocking the air intake pull the engine up until compression, remove your hand and pull it back
  7. Repeat until a strong jet of fuel blasts (as a mist not as a trickle) out of the bottom of the mixer
  8. Set the run lever to "START" (first position below "STOP")
  9. Pull the engine up to compression, and then strongly pull it through - it will probably fire
  10. Pull the shim out of the trip mechanism and set the run lever to "RUN" (mine does not seem to care if it is in position 3 or 4)
  11. After the engine warms up a bit, push the throttle lever all the way into the engine casing - be really careful, this lever is between the spinning flywheel and the engine!…

Read more: Ottawa horizontal type throttle governed type TE

Submitted by Paul Pavlinovich

To run on petrol

  1. Open the main needle valve 2 turns
  2. Oil the shaft where the hand crank fits on and inside of the crank handle
  3. Fit the crank handle
  4. Hold the crank handle with your thumb folded in (so it does not get ripped off if the engine fires backwards)
  5. Slowly crank the engine while holding your hand over the air intake until fuel runs out of the intake
  6. Crank the engine several times quickly and she should start firing, immediately it fires pull off the crank
  7. Slowly close the needle valve until the engine fires evenly and there is no more black smoke from the exhaust…

Read more: Rosebery vertical (same for 2, 3, 4, and 6 HP models)